The Spanish Philippine Era - How It Began And Ended
The Spanish Philippine era. It all started when Ferdinand Magellan came to the Philippines. The islands brought so much attention to the Europeans upon the Spanish expedition which was led by this Portuguese in the year 1521. He landed on the island of Homonhon and afterwards claimed the place for Spain. He named the place Islas de San Lazaro. Magellan was able to gain friendly relations among the locals such as the chieftains. Aside from that, he converted several of them towards Roman Catholicism. This signaled the beginnings of a Spanish Philippine country. Within the Philippine, they explored more islands and that included the Mactan island. Nonetheless, Magellan was slain during a clash with the indigenous groups which were piloted by the chieftain Lapu-lapu.
Within the next decades, the other Spanish expeditions were sent off to the Philippine islands. Ruy Loepez de Villalobos piloted an expedition towards the Philippines and later on gave the name Las Islas Filipinas for Leyte and Samar. Later on, the name was set for the whole archipelago.
Some of the imperative events which happened during the colonization of Spain to the Philippines that strengthen the Spanish Philippine roots:
* 1521 Magellan landed in the Philippines
* 1543 Ruy Lopez de Villalobos named it Las Islas Filipinas
* 1565 Lopez de Legazpi founded permanent Spanish agreement
* 1570 Kingdom of Maynila was conquered
* 1574 The Manila Revolt
* 1587 Conspiracy of the Maharlikas
* 1590 Colegio de Manila was established
* 1595 University of San Carlos was founded
* 1600 Biag ni Lam-ang was inscribed by Pedro Bucaneg
* 1611 Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santissimo Rosario (Colegio de Santo Tomas) was founded
* 1621 Colegio de Manila was established
* 1623 Universidad de San Ignacio was made royal university
* 1645 Colegio de Santo Tomas was made University of Santo Tomas
* 1647 Battle of Puerto de Cavite
* 1762 Britain got hold of Manila - became a part of the Seven Years War
* 1763 The death of Diego and Gabriela Silang
* 1764 Surrender of British rule to the military governor of Spain
* 1768 the Society of Jesus in the Philippines were expelled
* 1788 Writer Francisco Balagtas' birth
* 1821 The Philippines became one of Spain's provinces
* 1837 Manila became an open harbor
* 1838 Florante at Laura was printed
* 1859 The return of the Jesuits to the Philippines, taking over Escuela Municipal (now Ateneo de Manila University)
* 1872 The execution of priests GOMBURZA - Mariano Gomez, Jose Apolonio
Burgos and Jacinto Zamora
* 1887 The publication of Noli Me Tangere
* 1891 The publication of El Filibusterismo
* 1892 Andres Bonifacio created Katipunan
* 1896 Jose Rizal was executed
* 1897 Andres Bonifacio was executed
* 1897 Establishment and end of Biak-na-Bato
The revolution in the Philippines started in 1896. During that time, Rizal was involved in the outburst of the uprising and was put to death for treason in the year 1896. In Cavite, the Katipunan split to Magdalo and the Magdiwang. The control between Aguinaldo and Bonifacio ended upon the execution of the latter by the former's soldiers.
The conflicts continued in 1898. In connection with the clash, the USS Maine was sent to Cuba for the citizens due to ongoing Cuban revolution but exploded and sank along Havana harbor. As a result, this incident hurried the Spanish-American war. When Commodore Dewey beat the Spanish troops in Manila, the U.S. requested Aguinaldo to go back to the Philippines and he did in May 1898 and on June 12, 1898. He hoped to unite the Filipinos against the colonial government of Spain. When he arrived, U.S. has landed. Aguinaldo declared the Philippine independence in Kawit, Cavite. This ended the Spanish Philippine era.
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